Pearls - The Birthstone of June

Pearl is one of the birthstones of June. Believed to be a symbol of purity, ancient Greeks believed that pearls were hardened tears of joy from the goddess of love, Aphrodite. It is also associated with loyalty, faithfulness, friendship and purity. Traditionally, the pearl was thought to have healing properties and was used to enhance personal integrity.


Precious stones have always had high value in all nations. In ancient times, great men believed that gemstones had mystical powers and the list of birthstones has been around since the 15th century, although the birthstones associated with each month are different those that we associate now.


In the first century Josephus, a Jewish historian, declared a link between the twelve months of the year, twelve signs of the zodiac and the twelve stones found in Aaron's breastplate. Many years later it became common practise to have twelve stones and wear one each month.


Modern use of birthstones has very little to do with Judaism or the breastplate. Over time, tastes, customs and translations have changed birthstones from their historical and religious origin. In 1912, a list of birthstones was standardised in America, which has been changed several times since. The British National Association of Goldsmiths created another list in 1937.


The British list is as follows;

January – Garnet

February – Amethyst

March – Aquamarine

April – Diamond/ Rock Crystal

May – Emerald/Chrysoprase

June – Pearl/Moonstone

July – Ruby/Carnelian

August – Peridot/Sardonyx

September – Sapphire/Lapis Lazuli

October – Opal

November – Topaz/Citrine

December – Tanzanite/Turquoise


Pearl is the birthstone for June in the U.S (traditional and modern lists), Britain and the Hindu texts from Mani Mala. Moonstone is another, and alexandrite is a third in America.


Giving a birthstone as a present is a popular choice for those dearest to us. Although pearls come in many different colours, a pearl for a birthstone is the traditional white pearl; this is because birthstones are in sets of colour. The other birthstones for June, moonstone and alexadrite are also both white or a similar colour. Similarly, the stones for July are ruby and carnelian, which are both deep red in colour. The birthstones are associated with a sign of the zodiac based on a colour system, and colour was thought to reveal the power attributed to the stone.


Of course, you don't have to stick to tradition, you can buy a pearl as a birthstone in any colour!


With June only a few weeks away, why not think about buying pearls for the birthday of a loved one? Not only is it a unique and beautiful gift, you can also explain everything about birthstones and their symbolism, making pearls a wonderfully thoughtful present as well.


“Who comes with summer to this earth

And owes to June her hour of birth

A pearl should wear against her skin

Who's innocence many a heart shall win”

- Traditional June Birthstone Poem





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